Izmit is a coastal city near the eastern end of the Gulf of Izmit. It was established on a most important transit routes between Asia and Europe. Izmit is 354 kilometers (220 miles) from the beautiful city Izmir. Weather of Izmit forms a transition between the Mediterranean climate and the Black Sea climate
Izmit is a town in Kocaeli, Turkey. It is located in the Çatalca-Kocaeli section of the Marmara Region, on the east coast of the Gulf of Izmit. Kuruçeşme, Bekirpaşa, Alikahya and Akmeşe first-level municipalities, whose legal entities were abolished according to the Law No. 5747 dated 22.03.2008 joined the Saraybahçe First Level Municipality and this municipality was established. This municipality was taken under the administration of Kocaeli Metropolitan Municipality.
Izmit is a city located in the east of the Marmara Sea and the Marmara Region, which connects Asia and Europe. It is surrounded by Kandıra in the north, Adapazarı in the east , Kartepe and Başiskele in the south , Izmit Bay in the southwest and Derince in the west.
It can be considered as one of the most important transit points of Turkey with land, rail, sea and air routes. 30° east longitude, which is accepted as the basis for Turkish Time ( UTC +2), passes east of Izmit.
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In terms of geological and geographical structure, it is located between 40°-41° north parallels and 29-31° east meridians. The area of Izmit includes 18.71 km² as municipal border, 39.33 km² as adjacent area, a total of 58.04 km².
The mountains of Izmit are covered with forests. The vegetation has the characteristics of both the Mediterranean and the Black Sea regions.
It is one of the busiest centers of the country in terms of sea transportation.
Izmit is located in the 1st degree earthquake zone.
Weather conditions of Izmit in different seasons
It can be said that the climate of Izmit forms a transition between the Mediterranean climate and the Black Sea climate. Summers in Izmit are hot, with little precipitation, winters are rainy and generally warm. It does not exceed 10 days for the soil to remain covered with snow. Sweltering heat is experienced on the shores of the Gulf of Izmit in summer.
The highest air temperature ever measured in Izmit is 44.1 °C (July 13, 2000), the lowest temperature is -18.0 °C (February 9, 1929). The annual average temperature of Izmit is 14.8 °C. Annual precipitation in Izmit varies according to regions and is between 768–1153 mm. In Izmit, the winds blow from the north and northeast in winter, and only from the northeast in summer.